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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:War, Politics, and Religion: An Exploration of the Determinants of Southern Sudanese Migration to the United States and Canada
Author:Abusharaf, Rogaia M.
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic terms:Sudan
South Sudan
Subjects:civil wars
Politics and Government
Religion and Witchcraft
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Urbanization and Migration
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/northeast_african_studies/v005/5.1.abusharaf.pdf
Abstract:Since the 1970s, political repression, environmental degradation, and the recurrent civil war between the North and the South have induced a massive deplacement and out-migration of the population of Sudan. Especially since the Gulf war of 1991, migratory flows have been redirected to the United States and Canada. This paper reports on the experience of a distinct category of Sudanese migrants to North America: Southern Sudanese who originate from the three provinces of Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal, and Upper Nile. It documents their subjective experience and their motives for migration. The exodus of Southern Sudanese refugees reflects an antagonistic domestic political history and competing perceptions of national identity. Macrostructural factors influencing Southern Sudanese migrations are the war, ethnoreligious persecution, and the marginalization of the South. Micro-individual characteristics in the migratory process relate to personal features and past migratory history. The push factors of war, religion, and politics are the primary determinants in the decision to move. Bibliogr.