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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islamism and Militarism in Sudanese Politics: Its Impact on Nation-Building
Author:Wakoson, Elias N.
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:Islamic movements
civil wars
political elite
Military, Defense and Arms
Religion and Witchcraft
Politics and Government
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/northeast_african_studies/v005/5.2.wakoson.pdf
Abstract:Postindependence Sudan has been ruled most of the time by illegitimate, dictatorial governments that have attempted to impose unmandated political systems and a single Arab-Islamic identity on the whole country. The primary political-ideological conflict in the Sudan has been between racialist theocraticism (in the northern Sudan) and national democratic secularism (mostly in the southern Sudan). This ideological confrontation has been responsible for the development of two political scenarios: the military disruption of the democratic process, the result of a unique symbiotic political relationship between the Arabicized-Islamic ruling elite and the military elite, and the civil wars between the south and the Khartoum regimes. The current SPLA/SPLM-led civil war also encompasses the struggle of the marginalized societies of the peripheral regions in eastern and western Sudan and the Nuba Mountains against the hegemony of the Khartoum elites. This study explicates the ideological and political conditions which support the adoption of Islamism and militarism by the Arabicized Islamic ruling elite as the primary agents for creating a homogeneous national society. It examines the contending ideologies in Sudanese politics: Islamism-Arabism, Africanism (secularism) and the concept of Afro-Arab Sudan, and concludes that in the final analysis, Islamism-cum-miltarism is unlikely to accomplish the process of peaceful nationbuilding. Ref.