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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:L'islam ne se vend plus: The Islamic reform movement and the state in Senegal
Author:Loimeier, RomanISNI
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:Islamic movements
opposition parties
Religion and Witchcraft
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1581799
Abstract:Islamic reform groups are often denounced as fundamentalist extremists. However, the case of Senegal illustrates that Islamic reform and opposition movements can be integrated into the social and political structure of a society and thus develop in a rather peaceful way. In Senegal, the first generation of Islamic reformers developed in the early 1950s in the context of the struggle against French colonialism. This Islamic reform movement was called the Itti.hd ath-Thaqf al-Islm (Union culturelle musulmane, UCM). After 1957, this organization became increasingly integrated into the political structures of the country. In the 1980s, a second generation of Islamic reformers (in particular the Jam'at 'Ibd ar-Ra.hmn, the Society of the Servants of the Merciful) has attempted to influence the religious and political development of Senegal. In the 1990s, Islamic opposition groups were forced to abandon much of their religious propaganda and to start coming to terms with Senegal's real social and economic problems. As a consequence, these groups have come increasingly closer to political opposition movements in their public discourse, whereas religious issues have lost much of their impact: 'Islam doesn't sell any more'. Bibliogr., notes, ref.