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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Forced Displacement and the Situation of Refugee and Internally Displaced Women in Africa
Author:Oloka-Onyango, Joe
Periodical:East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights (ISSN 1021-8858)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:women refugees
right of asylum
displaced persons
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Women's Issues
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Cultural Roles
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
international law
gender discrimination
Violence against women
Abstract:This study focuses on the plight of refugee women and internally displaced women in Africa, in particular their role or, rather, absence in international and African refugee law. The main international instruments governing the situation of refugees do not refer to women or sex. The 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees are not only gender-insensitive, they are also prejudiced against women from non-Western countries. The paper attempts to demonstrate how such bias is manifested. It discusses gender in the international refugee law instruments, the OAU Charter and the 1969 OAU Refugee Convention; the condition of internally displaced women; a framework of action for physical protection against gender violence; and the place and role of institutional actors, in particular UN agencies, NGOs and the OAU's African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. At a programmatic level, it is essential that the issue of gender parity in such institutions be addressed. Nothing short of a reconstruction of the basic premises of international, regional and domestic human rights law will alter the status of women. This is doubly true for the condition of women who are refugees or internally displaced. Notes, ref.