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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Governance and economic development in Tanzania
Author:Costello, Matthew J.ISNI
Periodical:African Development Perspectives Yearbook
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subject:institutional change
Abstract:This chapter examines the evolution of governance in Tanzania, with emphasis on the changes of the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s. The author argues that governance systems are the product of elite attempts to moderate the effects of political and economic uncertainty in both domestic and international environments. When the source of this uncertainty changes, governance must change. He uses this model to define three phases in the evolution of governance in postcolonial Tanzania. The first phase was that of the postcolonial regime (1961-1965), a period of generally liberal, developmentalist policies with a governance system worked out essentially between colonial British officials and TANU to secure independence. A second governance regime emerged between 1965 and 1969, based on single-party rule, a populist, socialist development programme in agriculture, State-led industrialization, economic self-reliance and politicization of administration. A third governance regime began to emerge in the mid-1980s, when a coalition of counter-elites assumed control of the ruling party and sought to install a liberal, open regime in coalition with domestic business classes and international capital. This system is still in the process of becoming fixed, and there are new potential sources of uncertainty arising to undermine it, most notably the loss of CCM hegemony and the rise of factional violence. Bibliogr.