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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Fostering Ethnic Reinvention: Gender Impact of Forced Migration on Bantu Somali Refugees in Kenya
Author:Declich, FrancescaISNI
Periodical:Cahiers d'études africaines
Geographic terms:Kenya
Subjects:gender relations
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Urbanization and Migration
Women's Issues
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
External link:https://doi.org/10.4000/etudesafricaines.2
Abstract:The provision of international humanitarian aid to refugees, far from being a neutral intervention, is an especially directive intervention characterized by a set of standard procedures. Some micromechanisms within such procedures act to foster ethnic reinvention together with the empowerment of certain groups and individuals among the refugees. The benefits distributed become not just goods needed for survival, but potential opportunities for camp residents to renegotiate power. This article presents the case of the Somali Zigula and Shanbara who escaped from war along the Juba River in Somalia to refugee camps in Kenya. The author suggests that this group's loss of control over production of staple food created a condition of weakness and uncertainty which largely determined the subsequent process of power negotiations. On the basis of interviews conducted in Somali refugee camps in 1994-1996, the author describes the construction of 'Bantu' ethnicity in the camps, the gender factor in this process and the increasing marginalization of women, women's experience with sexual persecution and rape, and the transformation of relationships of production and reproduction. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French.