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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Death Colonized: Historical Adult Mortality in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
Author:Marindo, Ravai
Periodical:Zambezia (ISSN 0379-0622)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Great Britain
population composition
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Health and Nutrition
History and Exploration
History, Archaeology
Death rate
Population censuses
Race discrimination
External link:http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/africanjournals/html/itemdetail.cfm?recordID=1212
Abstract:Historically, censuses from British colonies in Africa reflect policies for harnessing local labour, policies for control of movement of both the local and settler population, and policies of exclusion of part of the population and policies of racial superiority and segregation. This article examines colonial censuses in Rhodesia from 1891 to 1962, discussing the way in which census data were collected and some of the underlying motives for collecting these data. Census reports are used for quotations and data that explain the sociopolitical context of data collection. Data on mortality and cause of death are used to show the excesses, omissions and gaps as evidence of how the data were 'colonized', that is dominated for colonial purposes to present a certain social reality. Colonization has a special meaning in this case, which refers to how data are omitted, selectively collected, or over-collected, deliberately missed and sometimes distorted by a government in order to justify a certain way of allocating resources. Some motivations for the collection of population data in Rhodesia were concern with the European population growth rate and issues of racial purity; concern with African males as sources of labour; concern with epidemics and other infectious diseases among the Europeans and native mine workers; and the role of international and internal migration in the population dynamics of the country. Finally, the article discusses the implications of colonial legacies for current mortality data in Zimbabwe. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.