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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:National Politics in Post-Nyerere Tanzania? Potential Implications of the 1995 Multi-Party Elections
Author:Landau, Loren B.ISNI
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:political history
political change
one-party systems
multiparty systems
Politics and Government
Abstract:Under the leadership of Julius K. Nyerere, Tanzania was exceptionally successful in building a national political community. In 1995, Tanzania joined African democracy's 'second wave' by holding its first multiparty election in thirty years. Using the 1995 presidential and parliamentary elections as an admittedly imperfect measure, this essay explores the possibility that the early fears of Nyerere and others - that a multiparty system in Tanzania would lead to fragmentation, conflict and even civil war - may be put to rest. The essay first offers a brief history of how national politics were established under Nyerere, the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), and the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Party of the Revolution, CCM). To understand the sources and nature of the pressure for the changes that have taken place, the penultimate section explores the actors, both old and new, and their involvement in the transition. Particular attention is directed to efforts and successes at mobilizing support for the 1995 elections. The essay's final paragraphs offer a preliminary reflection on the implications of the contextualized electoral results for the future of Tanzanian politics in an era in which both Nyerere and the neocorporatist structures which formed the base of CCM support and Tanzanian national politics will be noticeably absent. App., notes, ref.