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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Supply Response in an Agrarian Economy with Non-Symmetric Gender Relations
Authors:Warner, James M.ISNI
Campbell, D.A.
Periodical:World Development
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:gender relations
agricultural productivity
economic policy
small farms
Women's Issues
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(00)00015-2
Abstract:The basis of Africa's development is the agricultural smallholder producers who comprise the majority of the population and produce the bulk of GDP and export earnings. Given the relative importance of the agricultural household, it is peculiar that most policymakers have paid little interest to intrahousehold dynamics, preferring to assume that households behave cooperatively. However, there is a growing recognition that gender relations matter for supply response to devaluation and other structural adjustment policies in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper develops a model based on Stackelberg-type (1952) equations in which the husband occupies the position of 'firstmover', reflecting his power to set the parameters for women's choices. The model is contextualized with reference to Tanzania. It appears that increased prices for traditional cash crops benefit men relative to women. Furthermore, by their way of modelling the household, the authors demonstrate why women might refuse to incease their labour in cash crop production, and hence why there is a lower than expected output response. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.