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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Soviet Disintegration and its Impact on Africa
Author:Biswas, AparajitaISNI
Periodical:Indian Journal of African Studies
Geographic terms:Africa
Communist countries
foreign policy
international relations
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Abstract:In the process of transforming the Soviet Union's internal policies, Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of 'perestroika' and 'glasnost' also revolutionized the dynamics of international relations. The entire international relational pattern had to be divested of the Cold War idiom. This article considers the combined effect of the 'new thinking' on the countries of sub-Saharan Africa in terms of the disappearance of former Soviet interest and the consequent decline in Soviet aid and trade; a broadening of Soviet support for the negotiated settlement of internal conflicts and increasing cooperation with the West to this end (Namibia, Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia); and the growing demand for political democratization in most African States since 1990, influenced to a considerable degree by the collapse of single-party regimes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, as well as by changes in the policy of Western aid donors, in turn closely related to the advent of 'perestroika' and the subsequent end of the Cold War. Note, ref.