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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Zimbabwe's Cross-Border Women Traders: Multiple Identities and Responses to New Challenges
Author:Muzvidziwa, Victor N.
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:women traders
female-headed households
Women's Issues
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
External links:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02589000124044
Abstract:This article examines the multiple identities and economic strategies of Zimbabwe's women crossborder traders, which enable them to survive and sometimes prosper within the context of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) while the majority of women have struggled to subsist in towns under deteriorating socioeconomic conditions. The case study findings presented in this article are part of a larger study of the livelihoods of female-headed households conducted in 1994-1995 in Masvingo, a provincial town of 52000 people in southern Zimbabwe. In the author's survey 50 female-headed housholds were involved. Those whose primary source of income derived from crossborder trade constituted 26 percent of the sample. Another 46 percent did commissioned knitting and crocheting jobs for the traders, making crossborder trade the leading income-earning activity for women in town. Despite its economic importance for the area and for what was generally considered a vulnerable category of households, crossborder female traders have had a negative image in the official Zimbabwean media. App. (socioeconomic characteristics of crossborder respondents), bibliogr., note.