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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Fulbe Mobility: Migration and Travel into Mande
Authors:Bruijn, Mirjam deISNI
Dijk, Han vanISNI
Periodical:Mande Studies
Geographic term:Mali
internal migration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Urbanization and Migration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/44078777
Abstract:Mobility is an essential feature of the Fulbe lifestyle. This article deals with Fulbe migration into the Manden area of Mali, where they have become the neighbours of Mande populations in various qualities - as cattle herders working for Mande cultivators, as (former) rulers of Futa Jallon, as sedentary cultivators, and as traders. The article focuses on the migration of two Fulbe groups originating from central Mali, who have recently moved southward into Mande: the Jallube from the Hayre, and the Fittoobe from Duma. Although both groups have a long history of mobility and displacement, this has not always been an easy process. Their mobility increasingly takes the character of a 'forced displacement' resulting from drought and decreasing chances of survival in their homeland areas. Some of the families the authors encountered in the 1990s might be defined as displaced people, while some of those left behind might be labelled 'destitute'. The authors show how this has led to ambiguous attitudes among migrants vis--vis their kinsmen and their home areas. After a general description of the Fulbe and their mobility in central Mali, the authors discuss a number of case studies. They end with some observations on the migration process itself and its implications for migrants. Bibliogr., notes, ref.