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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Citizenship, Immigration, and Identity in Winterveld, South Africa
Authors:Reitzes, Maxine
Bam, Sivuyile
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Politics and Government
Urbanization and Migration
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/486107
Abstract:Winterveld is a large, informal peri-urban settlement about fifty kilometres northwest of Pretoria. Formerly falling under the independent 'homeland' of Bophuthatswana, it now forms part of South Africa's North West Province. Most of the original inhabitants were South Africans excluded from South African citizenship because of their race. Since 1994, the South African residents have acquired full citizenship and have moved from being 'outsiders' to 'insiders'. But Winterveld is also home to a significant number of legal and undocumented immigrants, primarily from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The key question examined here is whether the transition to 'insider' status of the South African residents of Winterveld has influenced the ways in which they relate to non-citizens. Research conducted over a seven-month period from January to July 1996 indicates that before the 1994 election, immigrants were largely integrated into civil society in Winterveld. However, attitudes towards them have changed markedly since 1994. A previously shared and inclusive racial identity has been replaced by an exclusive national identity. Rising conflict in the area is bound up with tensions surrounding the immigration issue. This may have serious implications for stability and development in the area. Notes, sum. in French.