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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Assessing Apartheid's Damage: The Broken Marriage of Anthropology and Epidemiology in South Africa
Author:Leclerc-Madlala, Suzanne
Periodical:African Anthropologist (ISSN 1024-0969)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:health policy
medical anthropology
public health
Politics and Government
Health and Nutrition
Architecture and the Arts
Abstract:The research and work pursued during the 1940s at the Pholela Health Centre, located in a small African community at the foothills of the Drakensberg mountains in what is now the province of KwaZulu-Natal, has been noted for both its high level of anthropological sophistication and for its contribution to the field of epidemiology. The Pholela model inspired the recommendations made in 1944 by the commission of inquiry, headed by Dr Henry Gluckman, into ways for improving health services in the then Union of South Africa. However, the rich legacy of collaboration between anthropology and medicine in South Africa was unfortunately destroyed with the 1948 election of the National Party and the subsequent apartheid policy. Before the end of the 1950s, almost all of the 40 health centres built around the Pholela model, including Pholela and the Institute of Family and Community Health (IFCH), established in 1945 in Durban to train staff for the new health centres, had been closed down. The Pholela model, which marked the beginnings of social science and medicine collaborations that are still viewed as an ideal for developing more effective health interventions, was exported abroad (via emigration), where it formed the basis of several progressive health initiatives. Bibliogr., sum.