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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Demons in the First Century Christian Era and Yoruba Society of Today
Author:Alana, O.E.
Year:1999
Periodical:Journal of Oriental and African Studies
Volume:10
Pages:63-72
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:African Independent Churches
animism
Yoruba
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:The belief in the reality of demon possession in both New Testament Jewish society and among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria suggests that the two environments share similar world views. One of the basic problems confronting the early 19th-century Christian missions was the Yoruba belief in the reality and nefarious activities of demonic spirits such as witches and born-to-die spirits, whose existence the missionaries denied. The Aladura Churches which were established at the beginning of the 20th century showed more appreciation of the Yoruba environment and since then, spiritual churches, all of which claim to be able to invoke the name of Jesus to neutralize demonic forces, have proliferated. The spiritual churches have doubtlessly strengthened the traditional Yoruba belief in demonic powers. At the same time, for Yoruba Christians, the belief in demons and in the fact of Jesus's power over them, has helped to produce a befitting picture of Jesus as Conqueror, Protector and Saviour, and this is a plus mark for evangelism in Africa. Amen. Notes, ref., sum.
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