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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Water Resource Use and Management in the Okavango System of Southern Africa: The Political Economy of State, Community and Private Resource Control
Author:Hitchcock, Robert K.
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:water management
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Environment, Ecology
economic development
water supply
Okavango River
government policy
private enterprises
political participation
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40980240
Abstract:Grassroots development movements and community-based resource management project initiatives among the rural population in Botswana and Namibia must continue to struggle against government and donor efforts to establish large-scale water development schemes and global trends toward greater privatization of control over resources and trade, epitomized by private companies gaining de jure tenure rights over river front property. Some local communities have had some success in establishing local-level project activities in the Okavango Delta region and have been willing to challenge the governments of both Botswana and Namibia in an attempt to assert their rights and to obtain control over land and natural resources, as in the case of the Southern Okavango Integrated Water Development Project in the early 1990s, the Namibian Okavango water extraction project in 1997 and the protests by the Kae in western Ngamiland against the establishment of cordon fences. However, NGOs, international agencies, and the governments of Botswana and Namibia differ as to the future of the Okavango Delta. In the eyes of some the struggle is over conservation versus development. In the eyes of others, it is a struggle for sustainable development. It does appear at present that both Botswana and Namibia have tended to place State and private interests above those of local communities. Bibliogr. (p. 163-165), ref.