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|Periodical article||Leiden University catalogue||WorldCat|
|Title:||Women's Participation in Local Organizations: Conditions and Constraints|
Jutting, Johannes P.
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
|Abstract:||Recently, advances in economic theories as well as empirical studies have stressed the role of civic organizations for economic development. Civic organizations have proven to be able to help the poor in articulating their interests and offer them access to basic social services. This article analyses the motivation of people to join or not to join local development groups (LDGs) using data from two projects funded by UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) in Kashmir (Pakistan) and GTZ (Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit) in Chad. Both programmes facilitate the foundation of local organizations which give their members a bargaining power they would otherwise not possess. The two programmes reach a high percentage (around 40-50 percent) of women's groups, but do not work exclusively with them. The article first presents a conceptual framework to clarify the place civic organizations take in society. This part draws upon the current discussion in development economics about the relationship between the individual, the market, the State and civil society. It then briefly explores the areas in which group-based projects can contribute to economic development and thereafter introduces the two case studies of group-based projects in Pakistan and Chad. The article concludes by identifying key points which donors should bear in mind when designing group-based projects. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.|