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|Periodical article||Leiden University catalogue||WorldCat|
|Title:||Addressing Food Security in Africa via Multiple Livelihood Strategies of Women Farmers|
|Authors:||Gladwin, Christiana H.|
Thomson, Anne M.
Peterson, Jennifer S.
Anderson, Andrea S.
|Geographic terms:||Subsaharan Africa|
Labor and Employment
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
|Abstract:||The authors follow the thinking of A.K. Sen (1981) that food security is a problem of low household incomes and poverty, and not just inadequate food production. The implications for development projects in Africa are that they cannot focus merely on increasing farmers' food production. Instead, they should look for ways to improve returns to farmers' resources in a broader context and facilitate cash cropping, income generating activities, and agricultural labour, as well as encourage African governments to provide productivity-enhancing safety nets, in particular for the poorest women farmers. African women farmers may need a long adjustment time period to diversify their income sources fully, because most African countries are at the early stage of structural transformation. During this time, rural women will employ a diversity of livelihood strategies appropriate for their environment, resources, and household composition. Some of these will be adaptive but unfortunately, some won't. Therefore, the authors propose a four-pronged strategy including different developmental interventions to address the food insecurity of women farmers. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.|