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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Effects of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (1991-1993) on the Participation of Secondary School Girls in Zimbabwe
Author:Makoni, Roselyn D.ISNI
Periodical:Zambezia (ISSN 0379-0622)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:economic policy
secondary education
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Politics and Government
Women's Issues
Education and Oral Traditions
Education and Training
Structural adjustment programmes
Student drop out
Gender-based analysis
External link:https://journals.co.za/doi/abs/10.10520/AJA03790622_8
Abstract:By examining such variables as school enrolments, dropout rates and public examination entries before and after 1991, when the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) was adopted in Zimbabwe, the author assesses the effects of structural adjustment on the participation of girls in secondary level education. The respondents were a stratified random sample of 66 school heads drawn from the population of 220 secondary schools in Harare and Mashonaland West regions. The results reveal statistically significant differences in the enrolment rates of boys and girls, a widening gender disparity in dropout rates, with a higher dropout rate in urban than in rural areas, and statistically significant differences in the number of boys and girls failing to pay 'O' level examination fees after the introduction of ESAP. Efforts to redress the negative effects of ESAP on the participation of girls at secondary school level call for gender sensitive policies and intensive gender training for all policymakers and school administrators, as well as a critical analysis of the situation at the household level to isolate those factors which cause households to discriminate against girls in allocating educational chances. Bibliogr., sum.