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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Food and Seed Security in Africa: Protecting Farmers' Rights
Author:Paull, Heather
Year:2001
Periodical:Australasian Review of African Studies
Volume:23
Issue:1
Period:June
Pages:49-62
Language:English
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:food policy
biodiversity
small farms
seeds
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Abstract:This paper is concerned with food security in sub-Saharan Africa. It examines the implications for small-scale farming systems of the commodification of plant genetic resources reflected by the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources adopted in 1983 and currently under revision. The debate that led to the 'Undertaking' has been specifically oriented to the agricultural biodiversity essential for global food production and livelihood security. It goes beyond the 30 crops that are often said to feed the world and includes a large number of 'minor crops' or 'underutilized species' that are important to farmer livelihoods. The paper first looks at the international debate on genetic resources and the aims and objectives of those concerned in the context of contemporary food security/insecurity and the implicit question of human rights. Then it looks at the implications for small farmers' food security in Africa, focusing on the right of resource-poor farmers to control decisions about how they use saved-seed. Bibliogr., notes, ref.
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