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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conflict between Wildlife and People in Kariba Town, Zimbabwe
Author:Mhlanga, Lindah
Year:2001
Periodical:Zambezia (ISSN 0379-0622)
Volume:28
Issue:1
Pages:39-51
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., maps
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:wildlife protection
national parks and reserves
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Wildlife
Human-animal relationships
Resources utilization
Wildlife management
Abstract:This article analyses the findings of a July 1995 questionnaire survey that sought to establish the relationship between wildlife and the people of Kariba town (North Zimbabwe), which is situated within a national park. The survey showed that there are conflicts between wildlife and people in Kariba. Elephants and buffaloes damage and destroy property and frighten or kill people. Baboons vandalize homes. Residents are not compensated for death, injury or property damaged by animals. In response, people drive elephants away from residential areas using stones and burning fire logs. They also kill or injure buffaloes using snares. There is a conflict between residents and officials of the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management over the illegal procurement of resources from the national park. Despite these conflicts, over 80 percent of the residents are positively inclined towards conservation since they indicated that poachers should be arrested. Over 50 percent indicated that animals and people should be isolated to alleviate the existing problems. The article also makes some policy proposals on how to ameliorate human-animal conflict in Kariba. A multi-action approach should include protection of residents from wildlife, extension of benefits to residents, involvement of residents in the management of wildlife resources, setting up a fund to assist and/or compensate victims of wildlife injuries and deaths, educating residents on how to coexist with wildlife, and reserving the game corridors for wildlife movement. Notes, ref., sum.
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