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Title:Mobility and exclusion: conflicts between autochthons and allochthons during political liberalisation in Cameroon
Author:Konings, PietISNI
Book title:Mobile Africa: changing patterns of movement in Africa and beyond
Geographic term:Cameroon
Subjects:ethnic relations
internal migration
External link:https://hdl.handle.net/1887/4626
Abstract:This chapter examines the deteriorating relations between autochthons and allochthons in the coastal forest area of anglophone Cameroon, present-day South West Province. This province is one of the few regions along the West African coast where a plantation economy was established during the German colonial period (1884-1916). The plantation economy stimulated large-scale labour migration to the coastal estates, particularly from the other anglophone province, North West Province. Following large-scale settlement of northwestern migrants in the South West, the 'autochthonous' population began to resent their increasing domination in demographic, economic and political terms. The present chapter examines why the current obsession with the autochthony-allochthony issue in South West Province relates foremost to relations between inhabitants of the two anglophone provinces. The South-West elite's fear of renewed North-West domination during the political liberalization of the 1990s was one of the main reasons for their incitement of the autochthonous minority against the dominant and exploitative northwestern settlers. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.