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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Christians among Muslims: The Church Missionary Society in Northern Sudan
Author:Sharkey, Heather J.ISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:missionary history
Christian education
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4100426
Abstract:This essay considers the history of the Church Missionary Society (CMS) in the northern Sudan during the Anglo-Egyptian period (1898-1956) in an attempt to understand the mission's social impact in the light of, and in spite of, its lack of converts. It examines the mission's motives and goals for evangelizing among Muslims, the local response to its proselytism and the social, political and economic constraints that hampered its efforts. Restricted by the Anglo-Egyptian government and by local opposition to their evangelism, the CMS missionaries gained only one Muslim convert during sixty years of work. They nevertheless provided medical and education services in urban centres and in the Nuba Mountains, and pioneered girls' schools. Yet few of their Sudanese graduates achieved functional Arabic literacy, since missionaries taught 'romanized Arabic', a form of written colloquial Arabic, in Latin print, that lacked practical applications. Once the focus of its Sudan operations, in the 1930s the CMS northern mission became a sideshow to, and increasingly an adjunct of, the south and the Nuba Mountains. Notes, ref., sum.