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Title:The Right to Food, Land and Democracy: An Analysis from a Grassroots Perspective in Three Semi-Arid Districts of Tanzania
Author:Mung'ong'o, C.G.
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Tanzania
food policy
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Politics and Government
Abstract:This paper shows how changes in the policy environment associated with economic reforms have undermined rural food security and increased poverty among the grassroots poor in three districts in Tanzania, viz. Ngorongoro and Shinyanga Rural Districts and Njombe District, where research was carried out among smallholder farmers, livestock keepers and traders in 1998 and 2000. Rural food security refers to access to adequate food and nutrition, as well as the resources necessary to acquire food, such as natural resources, markets, employment, health, education, security, and credit. There is a need to democratize the decisionmaking process concerning macro, meso and micro policies; develop an alternative people-centred development strategy which prioritizes sustainability of human and natural resources; and eradicate poverty. Policy coordination, implementation and monitoring are required to ensure accountability, transparency, consistency and credibility. The paper concludes with policy recommendations on food, land and democracy. Bibliogr., sum.