The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here
|Leiden University catalogue
|Contributions of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to the development of international humanitarian law
|Zambia Law Journal
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
law of war
offences against human rights
|The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), established in 1995, has contributed significantly to the development of international humanitarian law through its creation and its functioning, its jurisprudence and its deterrent effect. In its landmark decision of Prosecutor v. Jean Paul Akayesu, the ICTR brought to life the law on genocide and clarified the principle that rape can constitute a crime against humanity. In another landmark decision, that of Prosecutor v. Jean Kambanda, the ICTR not only prosecuted a high-ranking public official for breach of the international law of armed conflict - Kambanda was former Prime Minister of Rwanda - but also elaborated the elements of the crimes that form the core of the subject matter jurisdiction: genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Notes, ref.