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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Participation and Impact of Poverty-Oriented Public Works Projects in Rural Malawi
Authors:Chirwa, Ephraim W.
Zgovu, Evious K.
Mvula, Peter M.ISNI
Periodical:Development Policy Review
Geographic term:Malawi
Subjects:employment creation
rural poverty
public works
Labor and Employment
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7679.00163
Abstract:This paper evaluates the efficacy of self-targeting in Malawi's public works projects (PWPs) by setting the wage offered below the official minimum wage and identifies factors that influence the revealed positive impact of the programme on the livelihoods of participants. It reviews the use of PWPs as a poverty-alleviation strategy, describes the MASAF (Malawi Social Action Fund) programme in Malawi and reports the results of an econometric analysis of the factors determining participation, the extent of public works employment and the impact of the works programme on the socioeconomic status of participants. The results show that most participants are poor and with little education. Probability of participation is higher for members of female-headed households and households with longer periods of food insecurity, excess supply of labour, few assets and reservation wages below the wage offered in the programme. Taking account of selectivity bias, the impact of the programme increases with the gender (female) of participants and the numbers per household participating. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.