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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Heated Debates Over Crinolines: European Clothing on Nineteenth-Century Lutheran Mission Stations in the Transvaal
Author:Ruether, Kirsten
Year:2002
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:28
Issue:2
Period:June
Pages:359-378
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:missionary history
clothing
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/823390
Abstract:This article deals with the changing meanings attributed to African appropriation of European dress on nineteenth-century Transvaal Lutheran mission stations. The narrative focuses on both local church dynamics and the wider colonial context in which missionaries and converts positioned themselves socially, economically and culturally. More spectacular disputes over clothing occurred in areas where economic and social tensions were high. Most frequently, however, Africans used dress as a social marker and an attempted means of colonial assimilation rather than a demonstration of social and political opposition. In this sense, Lutheranism in the Transvaal developed as an apolitical religion, providing cultural forms of expression rather than the means to enter the sphere of politics. Notes, ref., sum.
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