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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Zambia, from Kaunda to Chiluba: Change and Continuity in Zambia's Southern African Policy
Author:Momba, Jotham C.ISNI
Periodical:Africa Insight
Geographic terms:Zambia
Southern Africa
Subjects:foreign policy
Politics and Government
Inter-African Relations
Abstract:Under two successive presidents, Kenneth Kaunda and Frederick Chiluba, Zambia has, for different reasons, had an uneasy relationship with its southern African neighbours. Zambia was always heavily committed to the liberation struggle of its various neighbours and, together with Tanzania, it bore the brunt of these struggles. Kaunda was unswervingly influenced by Humanism and saw the liberation struggle in southern Africa essentially as a battle to end white racism. But however intent he was on achieving this goal, he preferred to use peaceful ends. Zambia has always had to be very careful in its approach to international relations because it is a landlocked country and therefore heavily dependent on its neighbours for access for trade. Despite Kaunda's differences with the leaders of the various liberation movements, he and his contribution to their struggles were greatly appreciated. Frederick Chiluba's government decided to adopt a different attitude based on the ideology of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD). For instance, it engaged in trade with South Africa as it considered that trade should be carried out primarily for the economic and financial benefits of the country, a pragmatic business approach which had little patience with more lofty principles. Relations between Zambia and its neighbours reached their lowest ebb with Kaunda's arrest. Now Chiluba finds himself an unwilling part of the southern African political economy and part of SADC. Notes, ref.