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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Common Property Resource Management, Institutional Change and Conflicts in African Floodplain Wetlands
Author:Haller, Tobias
Periodical:African Anthropologist (ISSN 1024-0969)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Mali
Subjects:natural resource management
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Environment, Ecology
Fishery resources
Resources management
External link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/aa/article/view/23068
Abstract:Most contemporary discussions on African development since independence emphasize the notion that Africa is still 'mal parti'. Many show discontent for what has been achieved in this time, despite the fact that 'Africa works' as is suggested by P. Chabal and J.-P. Daloz (1999). This article focuses on the issue of sustainable development in Africa. This is illustrated by the presentation of a common property resource management research project (on fisheries, pastures, wildlife, water for irrigation, and forests). The question of why the overuse of natural resources and conflicts over resources are occurring in modern-day Africa is addressed. The project focuses on six African floodplain wetlands in semi-arid zones: the Internal Niger Delta in Mali, Hadejia-Jama'ara in Northern Nigeria, Logone Floodplain in Northern Cameroon, Pangani Floodplain in Tanzania, Okavango Delta in Botswana and Kafue Flats in Zambia. The aim of the project is to make a comparative analysis of these wetland areas, which should lead to a better understanding of the processes of resource use responsible for environmental problems and conflicts in these areas. Two cases from Northern Nigeria and Mali are discussed in more detail. They show how common property resources such as fisheries were institutionally managed in former times, and how traditional institutions have changed over the last forty years. Bibliogr., sum.