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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Rural Livelihoods, Institutions and Vulnerability in North West Province, South Africa
Author:Francis, Elizabeth
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:household budget
household income
rural households
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/823430
Abstract:Drawing on a case study from North West Province (South Africa), this paper examines how, and why, rural livelihoods have changed in one of the former 'homelands' over the past four decades. It focuses on the nature and extent of processes of differentiation and the resources that have been critical in such processes. It examines the major risks different kinds of people face in their efforts to construct and reconstruct livelihoods and their responses to these risks. The sources of these risks include institutions governing resource access and contract enforcement, together with labour and commodity markets. Responses have often taken the form of livelihood diversification, between activities and across space, putting a premium on access to information and social networks, as well as to the State. Others have responded to risk by clustering around a person with a regular income. Policy interventions to promote poverty reduction must combine support for the generation of livelihoods with institutional reform to reduce vulnerability to risk. Notes, ref., sum. (Journal abstract)