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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:An African Brain Drain: Igbo Decisions to Immigrate to the U.S
Author:Reynolds, Rachel R.
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic terms:Nigeria
United States
brain drain
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Urbanization and Migration
Education and Oral Traditions
Economics and Trade
External links:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056240208704613
Abstract:This paper describes the history and functions of the ONI (Organization for Ndi Igbo, a pseudonym) group of Nigerian immigrants in Chicago, USA, and especially its members' reasons for choosing to emigrate/immigrate. This group consists of highly skilled professionals, 'brain drainers', whose migration order was predicated upon economic pressure. However, their decisions to immigrate were precipitated first and foremost by the desire for professional education abroad. The paper pays attention to middle-class Igbo family expectations of education and how the extended family system of support and inheritance law facilitates young men's decisions to emigrate. At the level of socioeconomics in Nigeria and abroad, the paper shows how the once high and now declining value of the Nigerian naira and the structure of US State Department visas work in tandem to entice students abroad into remaining in the US upon the completion of their degree. Finally, the paper demonstrates how the role of Igbo village or regionally- based immigrant organizations encourages specific chain migrations by providing support to young immigrants as they first arrive in the US. The paper is based on fieldwork carried out between 1997 and 2000 among Igbo people in the Chicago area. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]