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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Infant Formula Preparation by Rural and Semi-Rural Women in South Africa
Authors:Dorosko, Stephanie
Rollins, Nigel C.
Periodical:Food Policy
Geographic term:South Africa
Women's Issues
Health and Nutrition
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Cultural Roles
Women and Their Children
Labor and Employment
Sex Roles
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Abstract:The HIV prevalence among women of child-bearing age in KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) is greater than 30 percent. Thus the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breastfeeding has been of concern to the health care community. This paper investigates the feasibility of preparing safe and hygienic commercial infant formula milk in this area according to UNAIDS guidelines. The study is based on interviews, observations, recording of practices and sampling of formula and expressed breast milk. All the women in the study boiled the water used in preparing infant formula. Large amounts of bacteria colonized all of the formula milk as well as manually expressed breast milk samples immediately after formula preparation and breast milk collection. The results suggest that, among HIV-positive women who choose to formula feed in this region, education efforts should be aimed primarily at the cleaning of teats and bottles, discarding or safe storage of leftover formula, and cleanliness of food preparation areas. In addition, further emphasis on hand-washing practices should be a priority for health care researchers involved in analysis of infant formula contamination. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]