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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Regulating Illicit Trade in Natural Resources: The Role of Regional Actors in West Africa
Author:Aning, Emmanuel K.ISNI
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic terms:West Africa
Sierra Leone
Subjects:civil wars
foreign intervention
natural resources
illicit trade
Inter-African Relations
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External links:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056240308375
Abstract:Since March 2000, Liberia has been the target of a formidable sanctions coalition of individual West African States, individual European Union States and the UN. This coalition has sought to regulate Liberia's illicit trade in natural resources which funds its own war, that of Sierra Leone, and other acts of destabilization in West Africa. This article explores the multiple efforts that have been initiated by regional actors in West Africa, mainly ECOWAS (of which Liberia is a member), to regulate the illicit trade in natural resources in the context of armed conflicts. It then examines the behaviour of 'spoilers' who are able to circumvent the sanctions regime and governments' domestic regulation. The paper argues that the characteristics and multiple dynamics of the armed conflicts in West Africa have created specific opportunities for economic activities in a thriving parallel economy through the 'illicit' trade in natural resources. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]