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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Saint mediation in the era of transnationalism: The 'da'ira' of the Jakhanke 'marabouts'
Author:Van Hoven, Ed
Year:2003
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Volume:73
Issue:2
Pages:290-308
Language:English
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:Islam
religious rituals
marabouts
Jahanka
emigration
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
prayer
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3556891
Abstract:The focus of this article is the intersection of the motivations for international migration and innovative new forms of religious organization. An example is provided by the recent introduction of a prayer ritual called 'da'ira' in the Muslim community of the Jakhanke Jabi in eastern Senegal. For centuries, supererogatory prayers mingled with local practices have been at the heart of the religious traditions of the Jakhanke Jabi 'marabouts'. Yet their religious practice underwent considerable change when the young disciples began to migrate to Europe and the United States. Prayers raised during the ritual address the invisible saints capable of serving the needs of transnational migrants. At the same time the economic base of community agriculture shifted from labour provided by the students to donations increasingly coming from overseas groups of followers. Since then a great number of people - including politicians - seeking success in business, career, health or marriage, have solicited the spiritual help and protection of Jakhanke Jabi 'marabouts'. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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