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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Orphans' Household Circumstances and Access to Education in a Maturing HIV Epidemic in Eastern Zimbabwe
Authors:Nyamukapa, Constance A.
Foster, Geoff
Gregson, Simon
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Education and Oral Traditions
Health and Nutrition
Women's Issues
Cultural Roles
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Education and Training
HIV infections
access to education
child development
Abstract:Levels of orphanhood and patterns of different forms of orphanhood (namely, double, paternal and maternal) will change as an HIV epidemic progresses. The implications of different forms of orphanhood for children's development will also change as the cumulative impact of a period of sustained high morbidity and mortality takes its toll on the adult population. The authors describe patterns of orphanhood and orphans' educational experience in populations in eastern Zimbabwe subject to a major HIV epidemic which is maturing into its endemic phase. Levels of orphanhood have grown recently but rates of maternal and double orphanhood, in particular, are likely to continue to increase for several years to come. Orphans are found disproportionately in rural, female, elderly and adolescent-headed households. Each of these is a risk factor for more extreme poverty. The over-representation in rural areas could reflect urban-rural migration around the time of death of the parent due to loss of income and the high cost of living in towns. Over-representation in female, elderly and adolescent-headed households reflects the predisposition of men to seek employment in towns, estates and mines; the higher level of paternal orphanhood; the reluctance of second wives to take responsibility for their predecessors' children and stress in the extended family system. The death of the mother was found to have a strong detrimental effect on a child's chances of completing primary school education. The death of the father had no detrimental effect, despite the fact that paternal orphans were typically found in the poorest households. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]