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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Structural Adjustment, Budget Structure, and Women's Share of Employment in Nigeria's Federal Civil Service
Author:Garba, P. KasseyISNI
Year:1999
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Volume:41
Issue:1
Pages:125-158
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:women's employment
economic policy
civil service
Labor and Employment
Politics and Government
economics
Abstract:This paper analyses the impact of adjustment on the employment of women in the federal civil service between 1986-1993, using the federal budget as the linking mechanism. It was discovered that women's share of employment in the federal civil service of Nigeria rose under adjustment, but its sharpest increase occurred when the size of the federal civil service contracted the most and when the share of external debt service on federal revenue exceeded unity. The paper shows that the occurrence was not coincidental. Rather, it reflected the vulnerability of non-debt expenditure, when pre-adjustment of external debt stock is high, refinancing terms are harsh, and maturity is short. Devaluation and interest rate deregulation fuel the claims of debt service, and default is costly. In addition, women's share of federal civil service employment reflects the unsustainability of the policy of wage freeze under the high inflation and high debt service that characterized adjustment. Given the rising debt claims on federal revenue and its corollary, declining access to education, health and other basic social amenities, it is unlikely that the gains will be sustained. Besides, the sharp fall in real wages in the public service does not help the cause of better living standards for women in the public service. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]
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