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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The developmental implications of the refugee problem
Author:Nwoke, Chibuzo N.ISNI
Year:2000
Periodical:Nigerian Journal of International Studies
Volume:26
Issue:2
Pages:61-83
Language:English
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:development
refugees
Abstract:Of all the continents, Africa is the one most burdened by refugees. Half of the 14.5 million refugees in the world are found there. All too often the author of this article finds that the problem is facilely attributed to tribalism. He would prefer to seek the real causes in the nature of the State and the ruling class and their foreign collaborators. States are characterized by weak economies and sharply contrasting socioeconomic conditions. Often chances of improvement are spoiled by power conflicts among the elite. In these circumstances, tribal and ethnic tensions are mere exacerbating conditions, offering an excuse for polarity. The colonial period was also deeply destabilizing. In areas of particularly marked conflict like the Horn, the Great Lakes, and the Sudan, ethnicity and religion provide good reasons to destabilize and therefore push people out to seek a better life or to seek freedom from persecution. Not only do refugees destabilize the whole continent, they pose an persistent burden on their host countries as well. They are also robbing their own countries of their potential. If the problem is to be solved, States will have to clean up their acts and guarantee more civil and political rights as well as ensuring that people have proper social and economic chances to pursue a decent standard of living. Notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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