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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Fayda Tijaniyya of Ibrahim Nyass: Genesis and implications of a Sufi doctrine
Author:Brigaglia, Andrea
Periodical:Islam et sociétés au Sud du Sahara
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:Muslim brotherhoods
biographies (form)
About person:Ibrahim Niasse (1902-1975)ISNI
Abstract:Ibrahim Nyass was born in Taiba (Sine-Saloum, Senegal) in 1902 in a family of distinguished Tijani scholars. After a period of learning and teaching in the 'zawiya' of his father, al-Hajj 'Abdallah Nyass, he founded a new branch of the Tijaniyya order, the Tijaniyya Inyassiyya or Jamâ'at al-Fay.da in Kaolaok. Through his revolutionary doctrine of 'fay.da' (from the Arabic: effusion of Grace), Nyass contributed significantly to the dynamics of Sufism in the area. At the time of his death in 1975, the branch had expanded to one of the most popular religious movements in West Africa. This essay considers the doctrinal foundation of 'fay.da' discourse and the epistemological premises which govern the process of juxtaposition and interweaving of meanings around the central symbol of 'fay.da'. It is based on field research conducted in Nigeria from January to April 1999. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]