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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Citizenship Questions and Environmental Crisis in the Niger Delta: A Critical Reflection
Author:William, Wunmi
Year:2002
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies
Volume:11
Issue:3
Pages:377-392
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:political conflicts
rebellions
nationality
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:http://www.njas.helsinki.fi/pdf-files/vol11num3/william_02.pdf
Abstract:The central thesis of this paper is that the environmental crisis and conflict in the Niger Delta (Nigeria), particularly the Ogoni case in 1995 and ongoing disturbances in the Warri case, are the outcome of disparate attitudes vis--vis the question of citizenship occasioned by the problems of alienation. There seems to have evolved in Nigeria's sociopolitical history a systematic, calculated and structured sense of political, economic and social exclusion of groups in the distribution and share of national advantages and privileges, in this case the fruits of environmental resources, viz. oil. Where minority groups are alienated in an ethnically diverse community, especially where a majority group is in control of power, they find their citizenship status threatened. As such, this sense of relative deprivation has the tendency of breaking into conflict, especially with the ethnic group in control of power. This is the case in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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