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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Functional Diversity and Spillover Effects of Social Capital
Author:Barr, Abigail M.
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic terms:Ghana
Subjects:social networks
private enterprises
social security
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/1/90.full.pdf
Abstract:Social network capital enhances the income generating capacity of trading and manufacturing enterprises in sub-Saharan Africa. It may also help to reduce the uncertainties faced by entrepreneurs in relation to the variability of their incomes. This paper argues that the relative importance of these two objectives to a particular entrepreneur affects the structure of the network they maintain, the relationship between the network and the performance of their enterprise, and the sign of the spillovers associated with networking effort. More specifically, the paper investigates whether networks built to assist in the reduction of uncertainty are structured in such a way that they have a less pronounced relationship with enterprise performance, while being more strongly associated with positive, within-network spillovers. Data from Ghana's manufacturing sector from the mid-1990s suggests that this might indeed be the case. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]