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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Seeds are Sown: The Impact of Garveyism in Zimbabwe in the Interwar Years
Author:West, Michael O.
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Great Britain
interest groups
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
Urbanization and Migration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3097617
Abstract:As in South Africa, Garveyism became a central element in colonial Zimbabwean political life in the interwar years, providing organizational, ideological, and rhetorical models for an emerging cadre of activists with various grievances against the white settler regime. This article demonstrates that Garveyism had an electrifying effect on colonial Zimbabwean immigrant workers in South Africa, inspiring them to form various associations. In Southern Rhodesia itself, African activists read various Garveyite publications and made direct contacts with the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) headquarters in New York. A number of these activists were associated with the Rhodesian branch of the South African-headquartered Industrial and Commercial Workers Union (ICU), the colony's most radical movement in the 1920s and 1930s. The Rhodesian ICU, in its turm, was closely alligned with the independent African Christian movement, otherwise known as Ethiopianism. Lastly, the article shows that the influence of Garveyism in Southern Rhodesia, real and perceived, generally helped to shape official policy toward autonomous organizational initiatives on the part of the colonized Africans. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]