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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Redrawing the Map of the Horn: The Politics of Difference
Author:Schlee, GŁntherISNI
Year:2003
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Volume:73
Issue:3
Pages:343-368
Language:English
Geographic term:Northeast Africa
Subjects:Oromo
foreign policy
national territory
Politics and Government
nationalism
Inter-African Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3556908
Abstract:The paper examines the changing shapes of territories in the Horn of Africa and the discourses which legitimize these different shapes. It starts with the 'Horn' itself, the different ways to delineate it, and the interests behind these. Then Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the de facto independent Somaliland are discussed and their justifications for being examined. These justifications are found not to follow the same pattern. The criteria for inclusion or exclusion of populations or territories differ and form a rich reservoir for future conflict. On a lower level, that of regional states comprised in a major unit, the Oromo of Ethiopia, the largest ethnic group in the Horn of Africa, are discussed in some detail. Accounts about how the Oromo have come to be and who is to be regarded as an Oromo are found to be mutually conflicting. In the last part, international and transnational relations in the Horn of Africa are looked at. Major groupings cross-cutting State boundaries are formed by States forming alliances with ethnic movements, opposition forces or warlords in neighbouring States or ex-States, against other States or spheres of power. Publicity of such alliances is kept low and few efforts seem to be made to give them an ideological basis or historical justification. The logic followed in these cases seems to be simply that the enemy of an enemy is a potential friend. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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