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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Women's oil wars in Nigeria
Authors:Turner, TerisaISNI
Brownhill, Leigh S.
Year:2002
Periodical:Labour, Capital and Society
Volume:35
Issue:1
Pages:132-164
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:gender relations
political action
class relations
political economy
environment
petroleum
Abstract:The authors examine the internal social anatomy of gendered class struggle in Nigeria's oil industry using a theoretical framework called 'gendered class analysis', which includes four central concepts: the male deal, commodification, subsistence and gendered class alliance. The study considers the July 2002 to January 2004 period of women's struggle for control over their resource environment against the oil companies in Nigeria in three parts. Part 1 (July 2002 - February 2003) shows how Nigerian women occupied oil terminals and flow stations and inspired global protests against war and oil companies. Part 2 considers widespread male workers' strikes in the period February 2003 - July 2003. Part 3 analyses the July 2003 - January 2004 period. From 10 July 2003, peasant women occupied oil facilities throughout the Delta. By September 2003, insurgents shut down some 40 percent of Nigerian crude oil production capacity, and for several weeks, villagers denied oil companies all physical access to the western Delta. The autonomous village organizations, linked to each other through regional solidarity networks, coordinated pan-Delta defence against US-supported counterinsurgency by the Nigerian military. The conclusion considers three themes: the unity arising from the global intersection of four circuits of gendered class struggle in production, consumption, social reproduction and nature; the roots of insurgent power; and the potential for direct deals in oil. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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