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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Labour Mobilization and African Response to the Compulsory Labour Ordinance in the Gold Coast (Colonial Ghana), 1875-1899
Author:Akurang-Parry, Kwabena O.ISNI
Periodical:Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana (ISSN 0855-3246)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ghana
Great Britain
West Africa
labour recruitment
forced labour
labour law
History and Exploration
Labor and Employment
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
History, Archaeology
Forced labor
Labor policy
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41406658
Abstract:A major problem for successive British colonial governments in the Gold Coast (present-day Ghana) was how to recruit labour to meet its needs and in the process promote the transition from servile to wage labour. Labour policies and ordinances geared to colonial labour recruitment drives from the mid-1870s to the early 1890s all failed, as did the Compulsory Labour Ordinance, passed in 1895. They failed because of the harsh methods of recruitment and the inhumane treatment of recruited labourers. Moreover, the main labour recruiting agency, the institution of chieftaincy, had been weakened by the colonial conquest itself. The CLO also failed because of its deleterious impact on the colonial economy, especially the arbitrary recruitment policies that jeopardized porterage labour for the long-distance trade between the Gold Coast Colony and the interior States. Resistance to the colonial labour policies came from the Gold Coast press, patronized by the African intelligentsia, the African working class, and the local European trading agencies, backed by parent firms and the merchant houses in Britain. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]