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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Recent archaeological discoveries in Buganda and their implications for heritage management policies
Author:Reid, Andrew
Periodical:Uganda Journal (ISSN 0041-574X)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills., maps
Geographic terms:Uganda
East Africa
Subjects:conservation of cultural heritage
cultural heritage
History, Archaeology
Cultural property
Archaeological sites
External link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/uj/article/view/23005
Abstract:While Ugandans are just beginning to consider their ancient cultural heritage - which is far older than any European country - and its value, the cultural resources attesting to this heritage are being destroyed before they are even recorded. The author first presents the results of recent archaeological research in Buganda, where oral and archaeological surveys were conducted from 2000 onward. The evidence, including the recovery of Urewe pottery, suggests a long-term (500 BC-AD 1000) and widespread tradition of agriculture. The research also reveals that moves toward specialization of production, coinciding with the replacement of Urewe pottery by roulette decorated pottery, took place around AD 1000, thus predating the Buganda Kingdom. Finally, the fact that numerous iron-smelting sites were discovered indicates a previously unrecorded and unnoticed precolonial technology, distinct from other smelting sites in the Great Lakes, which continued into the 20th century. The author extrapolates that up to 99 percent of Uganda's archaeological resources are undiscovered, most of them lying buried beneath the ground. In conclusion, the author expresses his concern about Uganda's heritage legislation, which fails to protect these resources. Bibliogr. [ASC Leiden abstract]