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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Education and Segregation in a South African Mission Church: The Merger of the Anglican Church and the Order of Ethiopia, 1900-1908
Author:Paterson, Andrew
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Anglican Church
African Independent Churches
nonformal education
Religion and Witchcraft
History and Exploration
Education and Oral Traditions
Ethnic and Race Relations
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3559435
Abstract:The Order of Ethiopia, a distinct body of African Christians, was created within the Anglican Church of the Province of South Africa (CPSA) in 1900. The members of the Order expected to gain access to a range of educational opportunities through the CPSA. This paper examines the links between church politics and education in the Cape Colony in a period of segregation. It sketches the conditions that gave rise to the Order of Ethiopia, particularly referring to the career of Reverend James Dwane, and looks at the contested relationship between the Order and the CPSA, focusing on the Grahamstown Diocese. For members of the Order, education represented a resource with the promise of individual and collective empowerment, both in spiritual terms and in terms of church politics. However, within the CPSA they were exposed to such an impoverished programme of instruction that they could not hope to gain access to positions of ecclesiastical authority in the main settler body of the Anglican Church. The paper argues that this induction served as a mechanism for controlling the admission of former 'Ethiopians' into the CPSA, ensuring the adherence of Order members to CPSA tenets and authority, and reinforcing a dependent relationship between the Order and the CPSA. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]