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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Behuisingsverskaffing in Suid-Afrika gedurende die veertigerjare: die finansiŽle vermoŽ van stedelike swart mense in perspektief
Author:Sevenhuysen, KarinaISNI
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:black workers
workers' housing
housing policy
Abstract:During the 1940s urban local authorities in South Africa were confronted with the economic realities of poor black labourers. Although cheap black labour was essential to the South African economy it seriously handicapped the authorities in their housing provision obligations. This article investigates the financial means of urban blacks during the 1940s and the impact thereof on the provision of housing. The income and expenses of urban blacks are presented, explained and compared with the poverty datum line. The impact of rent on the income of urban blacks is indicated and put into perspective, using the international guidelines for unskilled labour. The impact of transport costs, caused by the forced segregation of black and white townships, is discussed and the viewpoint is held that the rent and transport expenses must be regarded and analysed as an entity, given the interdependency of these two expenses. The conclusion is that the financial ability of urban blacks made it almost impossible for them to pay rent and transport costs without starving themselves. Accordingly, the financial ability of urban blacks burdened the authorities with large losses and subsidy obligations and forced them to provide housing of only a minimum standard. Urban blacks held the opinion that they deserved better wages, treatment and housing because of their indispensable labour. Notes, ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans, text in Afrikaans. [Journal abstract]