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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Jesuit Patriarchate to the Preste: Between Religious Reform, Political Expansion and Colonial Adventure
Author:Alos-Moner, Andreu M.
Periodical:Aethiopica: International Journal of Ethiopian Studies
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Christian orders
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
External link:https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/aethiopica/article/view/371/369
Abstract:The author analyses the reasons that led Portugal to send a Jesuit Patriarch to Ethiopia in 1556. Such a mission represented a radical break from the tolerant attitude the Lusitans had been showing vis-ą-vis the Ethiopian Church; the embassies that for decades flowed between Ethiopia and Portugal were suddenly replaced by a one-way attempt of conversion that deeply affected Ethiopian Christian society for more than a century. This mission is placed at the crossroads of both a process of spiritualization that the Portuguese court, under the influence of the Jesuit fathers and the cardinal 'infantes', endured, and of the political stagnation of the Indian colonial project. But the Catholic Patriarchate would only come to the fore, the author contends, at the outcome of the Bermudez affair. The forgery of the 'mestre' Joćo Bermudez was a key piece in the politico-religious projects that Catholic Europe prepared for Ethiopia and this episode, which has largely been underestimated by historiography, was crucial for pushing forward King Joćo III, the Pope and the Jesuits in the Patriarchal adventure. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]