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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Poverty at the household level: a review of theory and South African evidence
Author:Black, P.A.ISNI
Periodical:South African Journal of Economics
Geographic term:South Africa
household budget
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1813-6982.2004.tb00121.x/pdf
Abstract:This paper examines the allocation of household resources among the poor in South Africa, looking at both the theoretical issues and the empirical findings of recent research work. Distinguishing between G.S. Becker's (1974, 1991) unitary household and some of the non-consensus models, the paper first considers the relationship between job search and household income, and then looks at household expenditure and how it may affect the health status of poor households. Poor households also invest in the education of their children, partly to help them become informally employed or perform important household tasks, and also to secure a future return in the form of remittances paid by educated migrant workers. The focus then shifts to the intra-household allocation of resources, where a distinction is made between consensus models of household behaviour, in which at least one parent - usually the head - is assumed to be altruistic, and non-consensus models, in which parents have conflictual interests and where outcomes can be either cooperative or non-cooperative. Relevant policy implications stem mostly from households characterized by conflictual interests, and in particular from households in which a 'rotten' parent or chief earner - usually male - has control over the household budget. Bibliogr. [ASC Leiden abstract]