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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Environmental Consequences of Independence and Socialism in North Pare, Tanzania, 1961-88
Author:Sheridan, Michael J.
Year:2004
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Volume:45
Issue:1
Period:March
Pages:81-102
Language:English
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:socialism
natural resource management
environment
land use
agricultural land
ujamaa
History and Exploration
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
colonialism
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4100333
Abstract:This article draws on archival sources and oral histories to describe changing postcolonial land management in the North Pare Mountains of Tanzania. The independent State transformed colonial institutions but did not maintain colonial common property regimes for water source, irrigation and forest management. Farmers responded by encroaching upon and dividing the commons. After 1967, Tanzania's socialist policies affected environmental conditions in North Pare indirectly by increasing the ambiguity and negotiability of resource entitlements. The material, social and cultural legacies of these processes include environmental change, declining management capacity and persistent doubt about the value of 'conservation'. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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